Monday, March 11, 2013

Step by step configuration of the XSCF console for the Sun SPARC M3000 server

XSCF (eXtended System Control Facility is used to control, monitor, operate, and service SPARC Enterprise series servers and domains. You can power on/off the server (domain) via the XSCF interface. As long as the server is plugged into a power source the XSCF console will always be online even though the domain (server) is off. For those who are familiar with Windows servers, the XSCF is similar to the DRAC interface for Dell servers or HP Insight Manager.
When you are connected to the XSCF console, you will be prompted for a login ID. The default ID is “default” and there is no password. With this ID you will need to create a new administrative ID. You also need to be standing close to the server for this process as you will be prompted to change the panel mode switch. If you do not create a new logon ID whenever you connect to the console or when the console session times out, you will be prompted to change the panel mode switch.
login: default
Change the panel mode switch to Locked and press return…
Leave it in that position for at least 5 seconds. Change the panel mode switch
to Service, and press return…
Check the version of XSCF.
XSCF> version -c xcp
XSCF#0 (Active )
XCP0 (Current): 1090
XCP1 (Reserve): 1090
Create a user andrew
XSCF> adduser andrew
XSCF> password
password: Permission denied
Change the password for andrew
XSCF> password andrew
New XSCF password:
Retype new XSCF password:
Grant andrew the following privileges, useradm, platadm, aplatop.
XSCF> setprivileges andrew useradm platadm platop
Here is a list of all available privileges.
domainop@n
• Can refer to the status of any hardware mounted in a domain_n.
• Can refer to the status of any part of a domain_n.
• Can refer to the information of all system boards mounted.
domainmgr@n
• Can power on, power off, and reboot a domain_n.
• Can refer to the status of any hardware mounted in a domain_n.
• Can refer to the status of any part of a domain_n.
• Can refer to the information of all system boards mounted.
platop
• Can refer to the status of any part of the entire server but cannot change it.
platadm
• Control of the entire system
• Can operate all hardware in the system.
• Can configure all XSCF settings except the useradm and auditadm privilege settings.
• Can add and delete hardware in a domain.
• Can do the power operation of a domain.
• Can refer to the status of any part of the entire server.
useradm
• Can create, delete, invalidate, and validate user accounts.
• Can change user passwords and password profiles.
• Can change user privileges.
auditop
• Can refer to the XSCF access monitoring status and monitoring methods.
auditadm
• Can monitor and control XSCF access.
• Can delete an XSCF access monitoring method.
fieldeng
• Allows field engineers to perform the maintenance tasks or change the server configuration.
None
• When the local privilege for a user is set to none, that user has no privileges, even if the privileges
for that user are defined in LDAP.
• Setting a user’s privilege to none prevents the user’s privileges from being looked up in LDAP.
XSCF firmware has two networks for internal communication. The Domain to Service Processor Communications Protocol (DSCP) network provides an internal communication link between the Service Processor and the Solaris domains. The Inter-SCF Network (ISN) provides an internal communication link between the two Service Processors in a high-end server.
Configure DSCP with an IP address using the setdscp command.
XSCF> setdscp
DSCP network [0.0.0.0 ] > 10.1.1.0
DSCP netmask [255.0.0.0 ] > 255.255.255.0
XSCF address [10.1.1.1 ] >
Domain #00 address [10.1.1.2 ] >
Commit these changes to the database? [y|n] : y
Configure the XSCF interface with an IP address, this will be the adress you connect to via telnet to manage the console.
XSCF> setnetwork xscf#0-lan#0 -m 255.255.0.0. 162.10.10.11
Enable the XSCF interface you just configured with an IP address of 162.10.10.11
XSCF> setnetwork -c up lan#0
Confiure the default route
XSCF> setroute -c add -n 0.0.0.0 -g 162.10.10.1 xscf#0-lan#1
XSCF> showroute -a
Destination Gateway Netmask Flags Interface
1622.10.0.0 * 255.255.0.0 U xscf#0-lan#0
Configure the hostname.
XSCF> sethostname xscf#0 paris
Configure the domain name.
XSCF> sethostname -d parishilton.com
You must apply the network configurations with the applynetwork command.
XSCF> applynetwork
The following network settings will be applied:
xscf#0 hostname :paris
DNS domain name :parishilton.com
interface : xscf#0-lan#0
status :up
IP address :162.10.10.11
netmask :255.255.0.0
route :
interface : xscf#0-lan#1
status :down
IP address :
netmask :
route :
Continue? [y|n] :yes
Please reset the XSCF by rebootxscf to apply the network settings.
Please confirm that the settings have been applied by executing
showhostname, shownetwork, showroute and shownameserver after rebooting
the XSCF.
Now reboot XSCF for the configuration to take effect.
XSCF> rebootxscf
After the reboot check the network settings.
XSCF> shownetwork -a
xscf#0-lan#0
Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:0B:5D:E3:39:B4
inet addr:162.10.10.11 Bcast:162.10.255.255 Mask:255.255.0.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:13160 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:5 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:1943545 (1.8 MiB) TX bytes:210 (210.0 B)
Base address:0xe000
xscf#0-lan#1
Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:0B:5D:E3:39:B5
BROADCAST MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:0 (0.0 B) TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)
Base address:0xc000
Enable ssh, it will require a reboot.
XSCF> setssh -c enable
Continue? [y|n] :y
Please reset the XSCF by rebootxscf to apply the ssh settings.
Enable telnet. You probably do not need telnet if ssh is enabled.
XSCF> settelnet -c enable
XSCF> showtelnet
Telnet status: enabled
It is much easier to configure and manage XSCF via https as you do not have to remember all the commands. I will show you how to enable https by creating a Web Server Certificate by constructing the self CA.
First generate the web server private key. Remember the passphrase you will need it in the next step.
XSCF> sethttps -c genserverkey
Enter passphrase:
Verifying – Enter passphrase:
Create the self-signed web server certificate by speficying the DN.
XSCF> sethttps -c selfsign CA Ontario Toronto CupidPost Technology Center andrew_lin@email.com
CA key and CA cert already exist. Do you still wish to update? [y|n] :y
Enter passphrase:
Verifying – Enter passphrase:
Now enable https.
XSCF> sethttps -c enable
Continue? [y|n] :y
Please reset the XSCF by rebootxscf to apply the https settings.
Reboot with the rebootxscf command,
XSCF> rebootxscf
The XSCF will be reset. Continue? [y|n] :y
After the reboot you can connect to the XSCF console by telnet, ssh or https.

2 comments:

  1. i have one question why my solaris is stuck on xsfc ?
    while i wont it to be as root ?
    please
    help me wich process im wrong ?
    it solaris sparc 10

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  2. This comment has been removed by the author.

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